The Epistles of Paul – Overview


Range Description

There are 2438 variants and 4376 readings for this range of text.


The 30 witnesses considered for all of the epistles of Paul ordered by number of citations follow:

Witness Explicit Citations
Codex Claromontanus (D/06) 1583
Codex Boernerianus (G/012) 1436
Augiensis (F/010) 1391
Codex Sinaiticus (א/01) 1356
1881 1339
1739 1332
33 1313
Codex Athous Laurensis (Ψ/044) 1301
Codex Alexandrinus (A/02) 1289
Codex Vaticanus (B/03) 1239
Majority Text (m) 1229
P46 1133
Vetus Latina (it) 929
Codex Ephraemi (C/04) 851
Peshitta (psh) 778
Sahidic Coptic (sa) 532
Ambrosiaster (Ambst) 493
0278 450
Clement of Alexandria (Cl) 293
Syriac Harklensis (syh) 286
0243 271
Irenaeus (Ir) 160
Codex Freerianus (I/016) 149
048 145
Codex Coislinianus (H/015) 120
Origen (Or) 105
Tertullian (Tert) 88
P13 61
0285 55

Principal Component Analysis

Here is an animated PCA biplot mapping manuscripts and other witnesses (color-coded by date) and readings (blue) against the first three principal components:PCA Biplot Paul

The amount of variation accounted for by the first three components is:

Component Standard Deviation Proportion of Variance Cumulative Proportion
PC1 2.0138 0.1398 0.1398
PC2 1.53894 0.08167 0.22150
PC3 1.41694 0.06923 0.29074

Multidimensional Scaling

Here is an animated MDS plot where distances on the plot approximate the dissimilarities between the manuscripts and other witnesses (color-coded by date):MDS Plot Paul

Cluster Analysis

Hierarchical Agglomerative Cluster Analysis (Ward’s Criterion):Hierarchical Agglomerative Cluster Analysis Paul

K-means partitioning with five clusters:K-means Partitioning with 5 Clusters - Paul

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