The General Epistles – Overview


Range Description

There are 895 variants and 1684 readings for this range of text.


The 23 witnesses considered for all of the General Epistles ordered by number of citations follow:

Witness Explicit Citations
Codex Alexandrinus (A/02) 465
Codex Sinaiticus (א/01) 457
Codex Athous Laurensis (Ψ/044) 455
1739 442
Codex Vaticanus (B/03) 405
33 383
Codex Porphyrianus (P/025) 379
Majority Text (m) 364
Codex Ephraemi (C/04) 310
P72 274
Peshitta (psh) 198
Sahidic Coptic (sa) 187
Vetus Latina (it) 159
Syriac Harklensis (syh) 151
049 119
048 58
P74 54
Clement of Alexandria (Cl) 48
P81 16
0209 14
0156 12
P100 12
P20 8

Principal Component Analysis

Here is an animated PCA biplot mapping manuscripts and other witnesses (color-coded by date) and readings (blue) against the first three principal components:PCA Biplot General Epistles

The amount of variation accounted for by the first three components is:

Component Standard Deviation Proportion of Variance Cumulative Proportion
PC1 1.8682 0.1517 0.1517
PC2 1.24679 0.06759 0.21934
PC3 1.14859 0.05736 0.27670

Multidimensional Scaling

Here is an animated MDS plot where distances on the plot approximate the dissimilarities between the manuscripts and other witnesses (color-coded by date):MDS Plot General Epistles

Cluster Analysis

Hierarchical Agglomerative Cluster Analysis (Ward’s Criterion):Hierarchical Agglomerative Cluster Analysis General Epistles

K-means partitioning with five clusters:K-means Partitioning with 4 Clusters - General Epistles

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