Gospel of Matthew – Chapters 3 through 5


Range Description

There are 106 variants and 175 readings for this range of text.


The 21 witnesses considered for Matthew chapters 3, 4 and 5 ordered by number of citations follow:

Witness Explicit Citations
Codex Bezae (D/05) 60
33 50
Codex Washingtonianus (W/032) 49
Family 13 (f13) 48
Codex Sinaiticus (א/01) 47
Codex Vaticanus (B/03) 46
Sinaitic Syriac (sys) 44
Vetus Latina (it) 44
Family 1 (f1) 44
Codex Regius (L/019) 41
Majority Text (m) 40
Curetonian Syriac (syc) 34
Codex Coridethianus (Θ/038) 33
Codex Ephraemi (C/04) 30
Peshitta (psh) 27
Sahidic Coptic (sa) 24
Irenaeus (Ir) 17
Origen (Or) 14
Codex Dublinensis (Z/035) 9
Eusebius (Eus) 9
P64 4

Principal Component Analysis

Here is an animated PCA biplot mapping manuscripts and other witnesses (color-coded by date) and readings (blue) against the first three principal components:
PCA Biplot Matthew 3-5
The amount of variation accounted for by the first three components is:

Component Standard Deviation Proportion of Variance Cumulative Proportion
PC1 1.9534 0.1817 0.1817
PC2 1.6238 0.1256 0.3073
PC3 1.40630 0.09418 0.40143

Multidimensional Scaling

Here is an animated MDS plot where distances on the plot approximate the dissimilarities between the manuscripts and other witnesses (color-coded by date):MDS Plot Matthew 3-5

Cluster Analysis

Hierarchical Agglomerative Cluster Analysis (Ward’s Criterion):Hierarchical Agglomerative Cluster Analysis Matthew 3-5

K-means partitioning with five clusters:K-means Partitioning with 6 Clusters - Matthew 3-5

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