Epistles to Timothy


Range Description

There are 159 variants and 282 readings for this range of text.


The 21 witnesses considered for the two epistles to Timothy ordered by number of citations follow:

Witness Explicit Citations
Codex Sinaiticus (א/01) 107
Codex Claromontanus (D/06) 107
Codex Augiensis (F/010) 103
Codex Boernerianus (G/012) 103
Codex Alexandrinus (A/02) 100
1881 95
1739 93
Codex Athous Laurensis (Ψ/044) 92
33 92
Majority Text (m) 89
Vetus Latina (it) 66
Codex Ephraemi (C/04) 55
Peshitta (psh) 50
Ambrosiaster (Ambst) 37
Sahidic Coptic (sa) 32
Bohairic Coptic (bo) 32
Codex Freerianus (I/016) 26
Codex Coislinianus (H/015) 22
048 22
Clement of Alexandria (Cl) 16
Syriac Harklensis (syh) 14

Principal Component Analysis

Here is an animated PCA biplot mapping manuscripts and other witnesses (color-coded by date) and readings (blue) against the first three principal components:PCA Biplot 1 and 2 Timothy

The amount of variation accounted for by the first three components is:

Component Standard Deviation Proportion of Variance Cumulative Proportion
PC1 2.059 0.202 0.202
PC2 1.5412 0.1131 0.3151
PC3 1.30993 0.08171 0.39680

Multidimensional Scaling

Here is an animated MDS plot where distances on the plot approximate the dissimilarities between the manuscripts and other witnesses (color-coded by date): MDS Plot 1 and 2 Timothy

Cluster Analysis

Hierarchical Agglomerative Cluster Analysis (Ward’s Criterion):Hierarchical Agglomerative Cluster Analysis 1 and 2 Timothy

K-means partitioning with five clusters: K-means Partitioning with 6 Clusters - 1 and 2 Timothy

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